China Landed a Spacecraft on the Far Side of the Moon

China Landed a Spacecraft on the Far Side of the Moon

For the first time is a spacecraft on the moon’s far side. China set up rover and a lander there. The spacecraft is part of the Change (conspicuous CHONG-uh) space missions. This series was known for the Chinese goddess of the moon. 

The spacecraft touched down at 9:26 p.m. Eastern time on January 2. A couple of hours later, a little rover rolled off the craft. Called Jade Rabbit 2, or Yutu 2, it is going to explore the area. This website is 186 km (115 miles) wide and is situated within the South Pole-Aitken basin. In 2,500 kilometers (1,553 miles) wide, this basin is among the greatest and earliest impact characteristics in the solar system. It may contain parts of the interior of the moon. If true, which may show details of how the moon formed and what its history was really like. 

The landing along with other facets of the mission went without a hitch. The China National Space Administration explained this in an online statement. Chang’ e-4’s assignment would be to study the terrain of the moon. The radar will be used by the lender, to do so. It may get advice from just under the lunar surface. The rover also will take images of a landscape that has not ever been viewed from the ground. 

Measurements by the craft could help establish the security of human traveling. One instrument, for instance, will list charged particles and radiation. The lender will even test whether plants and insects can grow together on the moon. Apparently, cotton seeds had sprouted. They died shortly afterward but during the frigid lunar night. 

Getting data back has been somewhat tricky. The moon shows its face to Earth. So, it is not possible to communicate directly with a spacecraft on the far side. To repair this problem, scientists found a satellite last May. Called Magpie Bridge, or Queqiao, it will beam signs between Chang’e-4 and Earth. 

This mission marks China’s second lunar landing. It’s a step toward moon missions that are challenging. China’s space agency plans to ship up another craft to collect and bring back samples of moon rock. 

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