In this rushing lifestyle, many of us ignore their health. One of the major health problems in adults is cardiovascular diseases.
In the world, an estimated 17 million people die of CVDs, particularly heart attacks and strokes, every year. A substantial number of these deaths can be attributed to tobacco smoking, which increases the risk of dying from coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular disease 2–3 fold. We the people of this technology era, which is really helpful to make our lives speedy. But many people became inactivated. They work but mentally. There is no physical exercise, no proper sleep, and no balanced diet. If you don’t exercise regularly, it’s more likely that you’ll have high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and be overweight. All of these are risk factors for CVD.
Coronary Heart Disease:
Coronary heart disease occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle is blocked or reduced. This puts an increased strain on the heart and can lead to:
angina – chest pain caused by restricted blood flow to the heart muscle.
heart attacks – where the blood flow to the heart muscle is suddenly blocked.
heart failure – where the heart is unable to pump blood around the body properly.
High Risks for Heart Diseases :
1.Smoking and other tobacco use which can narrow and damage your blood vessels.
2. High blood pressure and high cholesterol diet.
3.Diabetes where high blood sugar level makes the blood vessels narrowed and damages it.
4.Inactivity which in turn affects obesity increases the risk of Blood pressure and diabetes.
5.Other factors may be like high alcohol consumption, family history of CVD.
How to Prevent It?
If you are smoking then stop it! If any of your family members smoke then stop them. Take the advice from a doctor to give medicines to quit smoking. May it will save the life of your loved one.
Exercise regularly: Adults are advised to do at least 150 minutes of moderate activity a week, such as cycling or brisk walking. Start doing it at your comfort level.
Maintain a healthy weight: Some home remedies, a healthy diet, and regular exercise will help you to lose weight.
Try to take a balanced diet: Avoid eating high cholesterol and high fat involved diet.
Control alcohol intake: If you drink alcohol, try not to exceed the recommended limit of 14 alcohol units a week for men and women.https://www.nhs.uk/live-well/alcohol-support/tips-on-cutting-down-alcohol/
Medication: If you have a particularly high risk of developing CVD, your doctor may recommend taking medication to reduce your risk. Medications that may be recommended include statins to lower blood cholesterol levels, low-dose aspirin to prevent blood clots, and tablets to reduce blood pressure.